Please be aware that the instructions differ significantly between AeroFS versions, due to AeroFS changing under the hood. Please be very careful that you check which version you are working with before following any instructions. AeroFS 1.0.0-1.0.1 This was tested under AeroFS 1.0.1 and 1.0.0 and Hyper-V 2012 R2. It may not work for your environment. This is not a supported configuration. You're on your own. Sign up for the private cloud edition, and download the OVA file from the AeroFS if you don't already have it.
One of the most heralded features in Windows Server 2012 (previously known as Windows Server 8) is support in Hyper-V for virtual machine replicas. If you're familiar with VMWare it's similar to Site Recovery Manager, for Xen you're probably looking at Remus, and Kemari for KVM (bear in mind that none of these products are necessarily exactly the same, but close enough). Virtual Machine replication across sites is very attractive. You get a lot of flexibility with minimal effort.
Whilst it's possible to get Debian, and by proxy Ubuntu, running under Hyper-V it's nice to see that Microsoft are potentiallygoing to officially support them along side CentOS, Red Hat and SuSE. As someone who is running Debian and Ubuntu under Hyper-V I would heartily welcome this official support. Sadly I suspect that if Gupta really does represent Microsoft's view, then the odds of getting on the official list is probably going to be quite low; "Gupta says Microsoft is drawing the line at ‘touching’ the Linux code.